Key List of Terms

Primary Prevention: prevents the onset of disease before the occurrence.

Secondary Prevention: reduces the impact or harm of disease already occurred.

Tertiary Prevention: manages the diseases and minimizes further harm.

Sexual Risk Avoidance Education (SRAE): a primary prevention education that teaches participants how to voluntarily refrain from non-marital sexual activity. SRAE Programs also teach the benefits associated with: self-regulation, success sequencing for poverty prevention, healthy relationships, goal setting, resisting sexual coercion, avoiding dating violence, resisting youth risk behaviors such as: underage drinking and illicit drug use. Family Youth & Services Bureau Source

Sexual Risk Reduction (SRR): a secondary prevention education that focuses on harm reduction of sexual exploration with contraceptive use and consent.

Comprehensive Sex Education (CSE): “Comprehensive Sex Ed aims to reduce the risks of potentially negative outcomes from sexual behaviors while also aiming to contribute to young people’s positive experience of their sexuality by enhancing the quality of their relationships and their ability to make informed decisions over their lifetime.”       - Adolescent Sexual Health Working Group (ASHWG)

CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

YRBS: Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance

Optimal Health - “The state of complete physical, mental, & social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” - Preamble of the World Health Organization’s Constitution

Abram Goff